It is this easy to miss out on a good thing: Hikers and photographers from all over the world fight for scarce permits to visit the magnificent and famous Wave formation in Coyote Buttes North, one of the world’s most well-known and surreal landscapes. Meanwhile scarce permits for the adjacent Coyote Buttes South unit often go unclaimed. Too bad. A permit to go south is a ticket to adventure, featuring an exciting drive on remote roads and at-large exploration of an untrailed wilderness. (The Bureau of Land Management issues permits for twenty individuals per day for each unit.)
[Photo, left: A sandstone reef in Coyote Buttes South shows a highly unusual strong yellow coloration.]
Coyote Buttes South does not have a famous highlight like the Wave but it is more of an adventure. For starters, you have to work at getting there. Access is by a remote network of high-clearance, four-wheel drive roads. There are no hiking trails or routes once you get there. You spot something interesting, walk towards it, and explore. You may not encounter any other hikers once you leave the parking area.
Contrast this with the Wave hike where access to the trailhead is quick and easy under normal conditions. With the nice BLM brochure showing a map and numerous landmark photos, you can hardly get lost. And all of the day’s visitors are essentially concentrated on one hiking route. Gorgeous scenery but a different kind of experience.
We showed up in January at the BLM field office in Kanab, Utah, holding permits for both the Wave hike and Coyote Buttes South on consecutive days. Obviously, there are reasons that winter permits are easier to obtain. The BLM agent informs us that after a major snowstorm and a week of very warm weather, the main access road (House Rock Valley Road) to the Wave trailhead is a muddy quagmire. Three vehicles had slid off the road the previous day.
[Photo, right: One of the colorful and well-decorated Cottonwood Teepees. The teepee is the most common formation in either Coyote Butte unit.]
Conversely, the conditions for accessing Coyotes Buttes South are improved with damp conditions. During most of the year the network of high-clearance, four-wheel drive roads can be difficult sand traps. The extra moisture packs the sand and makes driving easier. We are scheduled for South Coyote for the first day and will go through with this trip, then check out the driving conditions to Coyote Buttes North the following day.
We decide to access the area from the south via Jacob Lake and Highway 89-A. The lower end of House Rock Valley Road (BLM-1065) goes through much more open, drier terrain at lower elevation, making muddy conditions less likely. It is also very convenient to the easiest road access (BLM-1017) into Coyote Buttes South.
[Photo, left: An amazing array of intricate patterns in Coyote Buttes South. This sheer sandstone hillside represents millions of years of history. As the weather and wind patterns changed over the eons, so did the intricate erosion patterns.]
There are two main access points into Coyote Buttes South: Paw Hole on the southern tip, and Cottonwood Cove on the remote east side which is considered the more scenic area. The area is noted for the Cottonwood Teepees, large colorful, sandstone formations resembling the so-called Indian dwellings.
The route to Cottonwood Cove is about twelve miles from House Rock Valley Road and takes a little under an hour. All the side routes are clearly signed so there was little chance of getting lost. After the first easy road segment (BLM-1017), things get a bit more interesting. The remaining segments are definitely four-wheel drive and high-clearance but have been made far easier due to the damp conditions. While there were occasional rocky stretches, these roads were mainly high-centered sand. Long stretches were one narrow lane and often sunken. So a vehicle coming in the opposite direction might have made an interesting experience. However we saw no vehicles on the roads going out or coming back.
[Photo, right: A typical stretch of remote secondary road accessing the Cottonwood Cove area of Coyote Buttes South. It is deep sand with a high center, very tough driving when the ground is dry.
Photo below: The Poverty Flat ranch ruins are adjacent to the road. There are artifacts and good photo opportunites, a good place for a brief stop.]
The damp conditions limited but did not eliminate slippage in the sand. We kept the four-wheel drive engaged the whole time though it was not really necessary. We never came close to getting stuck. However it would probably be quite a different story during drier times of the year. A shovel is definitely an essential piece of equipment out here.
A couple of mile before reaching Cottonwood Cove, we pass through Poverty Flat where there are ruins of an old ranch worth a few minutes of exploring. The old ranch house has a number of artifacts including an ancient doorless refrigerator which still had some foodstuffs in jars. Just north of the buildings there is an old windmill worth a quick stop.
[Photo, above left: Unbelievably decorated slickrock in one of the sandstone reefs. Note the scalloped edge of sandstone running through the center of the photo. It is only a few inches high and razor-thin, so fragile that you could crumble it with your fingers. Photo, above right: A closer look at the delicate sandstone scallop.]
From the parking area at Cottonwood Cove, the Cottonwood Teepees and other sandstone attractions are about a half-mile walk to the west through brushy desert. Numerous small sandstone reefs are scattered through the desert running generally in a north-south line. This is a bit different than Coyote Buttes North where after crossing a short stretch of desert, you are in a slickrock wilderness for the rest of the hike. The coloration of the formations was also quite unusual, featuring a strong yellow color. Variations of red or brown are much more typical.
[Photo, right: Pac Man rears his ugly head in Coyote Buttes South.]
We explored the reefs west of the parking area during the morning. As there are no trails or routes, we enjoyed scrambling up and down the rocks and through the formations. After returning to our vehicle for lunch, we set out to explore the large sandstone reef about a half mile northeast of the parking area. This is outside of Coyote Buttes South but still within the Vermilion Cliffs Wilderness.
[Photo, left: The Queen is a notable formation in the sandstone reef northeast of the parking area. It is named for a chess piece.]
There was one other car in the parking area, belonging to a gentleman from San Francisco who we had met at the Kanab (Utah) BLM station the previous day. However we did not see him or anyone else while out hiking.
Camping is permitted around the parking area but it is true wilderness camping. There are no facilities at all. You must bring in your own water and pack out all your trash. There is little shade, and it would be extremely hot in the summer. In the spring and fall, this would be a great place to spend a couple days.
[Photo, left and above: A closeup of Seal Rock in Coyote Buttes South, west of the parking area.]
[Photos, below are from the Vermilion Cliffs Wilderness, northeast of the parking area at Cottonwood Cove. Top. left: The Pulpit is completely natural, not manufactured. Top, right: a perfect teepee. Bottom, left: A naturally cemented mosaic of rocks. Bottom, right: a tree skeleton with intricately carved sandtone.]
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